BIOLOGY 2401 - EXAM 2A

(26 pages total)

CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER.

  1. The type of intercellular junction that is used primarily in intercellular communication is the
  1. tight junction
  2. gap junction
  3. desmosome
  4. blank junction
  5. loose junction
  1. Which of the following is not a basic tissue type?
  1. epithelial
  2. connective
  3. muscle
  4. esophagus
  5. nerve
  1. Simple squamous epithelium would be found
  1. lining the trachea
  2. making up the wall of the alveolus
  3. covering the body
  4. lining the vagina
  5. lining the stomach
  1. The bladder is lined by ___ epithelium
  1. simple squamous
  2. cubiodal
  3. stratified squamous
  4. pseudostratified ciliated columnar
  5. transitional
  1. Kidney tubules are composed of
  1. cubiodal epithelium
  2. columnar epithelium
  3. squamous epithelium
  4. pseudostratified columnar epithelium
  5. loose connective tissue
  1. Tendons are composed of
  1. loose connective tissue
  2. cartilage
  3. dense connective tissue
  4. elastic connective tissue
  5. dentin
  1. Chondrocytes are to cartilage as osteocytes are to
  1. elastic cartilage
  2. dense connective tissue
  3. loose connective tissue
  4. bone
  5. none of the above
  1. The lining of the digestive tract is composed of
  1. simple squamous epithelium
  2. simple columnar epithelium
  3. stratified cubiodal epithelium
  4. transitional epithelium
  5. pseudostratified ciliated columnar
  1. Adipose tissue
  1. is often associated with internal membranes
  2. forms a continuos subcutaneous layer
  3. differs in amount and distribution in males and females
  4. functions in energy storage and insulation
  1. Fibrocartilage is found
  1. at the ends of bones
  2. between the vertebras
  3. connecting the ribs to the sternum
  4. in the ear flap (auricle)
  5. more than one is correct
  1. The bulk of the tooth is made up of
  1. bone
  2. hyaline cartilage
  3. enamel
  4. denin
  5. fibrocartilage
  1. The membrane that lines the respiratory tract would be a
  1. serous membrane
  2. synovial membrane
  3. mucous membrane
  4. connective tissue membrane
  5. none of the above
  1. A gland that secretes directly into the blood stream is a (n)
  1. exocrine gland
  2. endocrine gland
  3. merocrine gland
  4. apocrine gland
  5. holocrine gland
  1. The mammary gland are
  1. endocrine
  2. holocrine
  3. apocrine
  4. merocrine
  5. none of the above
  1. A gland type in which the cell dies in order to release the secretion is the
  1. apocrine
  2. merocrine
  3. holocrine
  4. semicrine
  5. none of the above
  1. Compared to connective tissues, epithelial tissues
  1. have a large number of cells
  2. have little intercellular material
  3. lack fibers
  4. are not as widely distracted in the body
  5. more than one is correct
  1. Which of the following is not a connective tissue fiber type?
  1. collageous
  2. elastic
  3. reticular
  4. white
  5. red
  1. Which of the following connective tissue cell types is the most specialized?
  1. undifferentiated
  2. osteocyte
  3. fibroblast
  4. adipose
  5. all are equally specialized
  1. The bulk of the ground substance in connective tissue is composed of
  1. carbohydrate
  2. lipid
  3. protein
  4. nucleic acid
  5. inorganic minerals
  1. The nose is
  1. superior to the chin
  2. medial to the ears
  3. inferior to the forehead
  4. medial to the eyes
  5. more than one is correct
  1. The wrist is _______ with respect to the elbow.
  1. proximal
  2. medial
  3. distal
  4. inferior
  5. superior
  1. A midsagittal section would divide the body into
  1. inferior and superior halves
  2. left and right halves
  3. anterior and posterior halves
  4. cross sections
  5. none of the above
  1. The neck region is the _______ region of the body
  1. sacral
  2. cervical
  3. lumbar
  4. groin
  5. plantar
  1. The _______ region is located to the left and right of the epigastric region.
  1. umbilical
  2. hypochondriac
  3. hypogastric
  4. iliac
  5. axial
  1. The region between the elbow and hand is known as the
  1. axial
  2. arm
  3. forearm
  4. palmar
  5. plantar
  1. Th thoracic cavity is found in the
  1. dorsal cavity
  2. pericardial cavity
  3. pelvic cavity
  4. ventral cavity
  5. none of the above
  1. The organ system that is responsible for command, control, communication, and integration is the
  1. nervous system
  2. endocrine system
  3. reproductive system
  4. circulatory system
  5. more than one is correct
  1. Thin skin is normally about __ mm thick.
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 0.12
  5. 0.005
  1. The outer most layer of the epidermis is the stratum
  1. granulosum
  2. lucidum
  3. spinosum
  4. corneum
  5. basale
  1. The stratum spinosum and basale are collectively referred to as the
  1. epidermis
  2. dermis
  3. hypodermis
  4. stratum germinativum
  5. stratum lucidum
  1. The darkness of the skin is due to
  1. carotene
  2. blood flow
  3. melanin
  4. xanothophyls
  5. none of the above
  1. The layer that lies immediately beneath the stratum basale is the
  1. papillary layer
  2. reticular layer
  3. hypodermis
  4. stratum corneum
  5. melanocytes
  1. The glands which always open into the hair follicles are the
  1. sudorferous glands
  2. eccrine glands
  3. sebaceous glands
  4. sweat glands
  5. endocrine glands
  1. The layer that bounds the hair follicle is the
  1. internal root sheath
  2. reticular layer
  3. external root sheath
  4. papillary layer
  5. cuticle
  1. The hardest part of the hair shaft is the
  1. medulla
  2. cortex
  3. papilla
  4. internal root sheath
  5. cuticle
  1. Another name for the cuticle is the
  1. hyponychium
  2. eponychium
  3. lunula
  4. nail bed
  5. stratum corneum
  1. Which of the following is not a function of the skin?
  1. protection
  2. temperature regulation
  3. sensation
  4. vitamin D production
  5. support
  1. A function of the skeletal system includes
  1. support
  2. protection
  3. hemopoiesis
  4. calcium metabolism
  5. more than one is correct
  1. A bone found inside of one of the hamstring tendons would be categorized as a
  1. long bone
  2. sesamoid bone
  3. short bone
  4. irregular bone
  5. flat bone
  1. The membrane that lines that marrow cavity of a long bone is termed the
  1. periosteum
  2. perichondrium
  3. endosteum
  4. endochondrium
  5. callus
  1. In adults, yellow marrow is found in the medullar cavity. It is composed of
  1. hemopoietic tissue
  2. red blood cells
  3. myeloid tissue
  4. reticular tissue
  5. adipose tissue
  1. The growth plates of the long bones are more correctly termed the
  1. epiphyseal plates
  2. extension plates
  3. yellow cartilage areas
  4. fibrocartilage areas
  5. more than one of the above is correct
  1. A tunnel in a bone best describes a (an)
  1. foramen
  2. meatus
  3. process
  4. facet
  5. tubercle
  1. The basic structural unit of compact bone is the
  1. canaliculi
  2. haversian canal
  3. lamellae
  4. osteon
  5. none of the above
  1. The osteocytes communicate with the central canal via the
  1. blood vessels
  2. volkmann canals
  3. canaliculi
  4. lamellae
  5. periosteum
  1. Bones which would be formed by intramembrane ossification include the
  1. vertebrae
  2. long bones
  3. cranial bones
  4. sternum
  5. clavicles
  1. During endochondral bone formation, the bone is first formed or modeled in
  1. fibrocartilage
  2. periosteal membranes
  3. elastic cartilage
  4. hyaline cartilage
  5. more than one of the above is correct
  1. The cells which are responsible for bone formation are the
  1. chondrocytes
  2. fibroblasts
  3. osteocytes
  4. osteoblasts
  5. osteoclasts
  1. The soft spots in a newborn babies skull are termed the
  1. endochondral areas
  2. periosteal membranes
  3. fontanels
  4. vascular areas
  5. none of the above
  1. The appendages are attached to the axial division of the skeleton by means of the
  1. vertebrae
  2. muscles
  3. tendons
  4. girdles
  5. ribs
  1. Typically, there are _____ bones in the appendicular division
  1. 110
  2. 126
  3. 206
  4. 90
  5. none of the above
  1. The neck region of the vertebral column is termed the______ region
  1. cervical
  2. thoracic
  3. lumbar
  4. sacral
  5. coccygeal
  1. A vertebra that had facets on its transverse processes and on its centrum would be form the ______ region
  1. cervical
  2. thoracic
  3. lumbar
  4. sacral
  5. coccygeal
  1. A lateral curve anyplace in the vertebral column is known as
  1. lordosis
  2. scoliosis
  3. kyphosis
  4. psoriasis
  5. none of the above
  1. The pectoral girdle is composed of the
  1. innominate bones
  2. thoracic vertebra and ribs
  3. clavicle and scapula
  4. clavicle and sternum
  5. scapula and sternum
  1. A major difference between the upper and lower appendage is the fact that while there are 8 carpal bones in the wrist, there are ______ tarsal bones in the ankle
  1. 8
  2. 7
  3. 9
  4. 6
  5. 10
  1. The great advantage that all of the small bones in the hand yield is
  1. great strength
  2. rapid growth during embryology
  3. a standard pattern of arrangement
  4. similarity to the organization of the foot
  5. manual dexterity and mobility
  1. The major advantages that the arches of the feet convey is that they
  1. increase the strength of the foot
  2. increase mobility in the foot
  3. distribute weight over the entire foot and not just the heels
  4. provide and arch support industry
  5. none of the above
  1. A bone that fractures and breaks through the skin is an example of a (an) ______ fracture
  1. greenstick
  2. simple
  3. spiral
  4. compound
  5. stress
  1. In about 2 weeks following a bone break, the periosteal callus is transformed into
  1. hyaline cartilage
  2. fibrocartilage
  3. elastic cartilage
  4. compact bone
  5. dense fibrous connective tissue
  1. The study fo joints si known as
  1. jointology
  2. histology
  3. kinesiology
  4. arthrology
  5. rheumatology
  1. A freely movable joint si termed a (n)
  1. synarthosis
  2. amphiarthrosis
  3. diarthrosis
  4. cartilaginous
  5. fibrous
  1. The fibrous joints found in the skull are
  1. syndesmoses
  2. sutures
  3. ball and socket
  4. cartilaginous
  5. slightly movable
  1. An example of a synchondrosis joint would be the
  1. pubic symphysis
  2. intervertebral disks
  3. rib to sternum
  4. tibial-fibula
  5. none of the above
  1. Thickenings fluid is secreted by the
  1. synovial membrane
  2. tendons
  3. ligaments
  4. periosteum
  5. more than one of the above is correct
  1. Synovial fluid is secreted by the
  1. joint capsule
  2. ligaments
  3. periosteum
  4. tendons
  5. synovial membrane
  1. Bursitis is due to an inflammation of the
  1. joint cavity
  2. joint capsule
  3. tendon sheath
  4. synovial bursae
  5. patellar tendon
  1. A synovial joint that permits movement into planes is a (an)
  1. uniaxial
  2. biaxial
  3. multiaxial
  4. gliding
  5. none of the above is correct
  1. The elbow is an example of a
  1. pivot joint
  2. ball and socket joint
  3. condyloid joint
  4. hinge joint
  5. saddle joint
  1. The carpal-metacarpal joint of the thumb is an example of a _______ joint.
  1. ball and socket
  2. condyloid
  3. saddle
  4. pivot
  5. hinge
  1. Movement away from the midline is termed
  1. adduction
  2. abduction
  3. circumduction
  4. flexion
  5. seduction
  1. Movement of the ankle inward best defines
  1. eversion
  2. inversion
  3. pronation
  4. supination
  5. evasion
  1. The tempro-mandibular joint is unique because it
  1. has flat articular surfaces
  2. is easily separated
  3. has two joint capsules
  4. is very strong
  5. none of the above is correct
  1. The sacro-iliac joint is unique because it is
  1. extremely strong
  2. easily separated
  3. partly sinovial and partly cartilaginous
  4. embedded in muscle only
  5. very mobile
  1. Inflammation of a joint best describes the condition of
  1. sprain
  2. dislocation
  3. arthritis
  4. rheumatism
  5. psoriasis
  1. During tissue repair, if fibroblasts are active the tissue formed will be
  1. parenchyma
  2. essential the same as that lost
  3. stroma
  4. scar tissue
  5. none of the above
  1. The name given the connective tissue layer of a mucous membrane is the
  1. fibro mucous
  2. epithelial membrane
  3. lamina propria
  4. stroma
  5. mucosa
  1. The final phase of deep wound healing is
  1. the inflammatory phase
  2. the migratory phase
  3. the proliferative phase
  4. the granulative phase
  5. the maturation phase
  1. A burn which is loss of the epidermis, dermis, and epidermal derivatives would be a
  1. first degree burn
  2. second degree burn
  3. third degree burn
  4. fourth degree burn
  5. fifth degree burn
  1. An infectious disease of bone marrow best describes
  1. osteoporosis
  2. osteomyelitis
  3. rickets
  4. paget’s disease
  5. osteomalacia

 

 

BIOLOGY 2401 - EXAM 2B

Select the best answer.

  1. A simple squamous epithelium would most likely be found in
  1. the intestine
  2. the liver
  3. the blood vessels
  4. the kidney
  5. the tracheae
  1. The lining of the mouth is an example of a
  1. simple squamous epithelium
  2. simple cuboidal epithelium
  3. stratified squamous epithelium
  4. stratified columnar epithelium
  5. simple solumnar epithelium
  1. Globet cells would most likely be found associated with
  1. cuboidal epithelium
  2. squamous epithelium
  3. columnar epithelium
  4. adipose tissue
  5. none of the above
  1. A ciliated epithelium might be found in
  1. the bronchiole tubes
  2. the oviducts
  3. the intestine
  4. a and b
  5. a and c
  1. The epithelial type which is most often associated with ducts and tubules is
  1. colunar
  2. cuboidal
  3. squamous
  4. adipose
  5. none of the above
  1. A simple epithelium consists of
  1. a single layer or sheet of cells
  2. two layers or sheets of cells
  3. more than two layers or sheets of cells
  4. only a few cells
  5. none of the above
  1. The most abundant connective tissue in the body is
  1. dense
  2. adipose
  3. areolar
  4. cartilage
  5. elastic
  1. White fibrocartilage would most likely be found
  1. between the vertebrae
  2. at the ends of the long bones
  3. in the nose
  4. in the outer ear
  5. none of the above
  1. Yellow elastic cartilage would most likely be found in the
  1. nose
  2. outer ear
  3. eye
  4. pubic symphysis
  5. all of the above
  1. Hyaline cartilage is usually found
  1. in the nose
  2. at the end of long bones
  3. connecting the ribs to the sternum
  4. all of the above
  5. none of the above
  1. Tendon is composed of dense fibrous
  1. areolar
  2. adipose
  3. cartilage
  4. bone
  5. none of the above
  1. Elastic connective tissue is found in
  1. the skin
  2. the blood vessels
  3. the intestine
  4. a and b
  5. a and c
  1. Which of the following is an epithelial membrane
  1. serous
  2. mucous
  3. synovial
  4. a and b
  5. a and c
  1. The bone is surrounded by a membrane known as the
  1. periosteum
  2. perichondrium
  3. perigottcha
  4. perihelion
  5. none of the above
  1. The holes in the bone matrix in which the bone cells lie are termed
  1. osteocytes
  2. lacunae
  3. lamellae
  4. canaliculi
  5. none of the above
  1. The cells which are responsible for the formation of bone are termed
  1. chondrocytes
  2. osteocytes
  3. fibrocytes
  4. lacunae
  5. none of the above
  1. Membrane bone is
  1. formed between two periosteal membrane sheets
  2. formed by the gradual ossification of cartilage
  3. formed by the replacement of a cartilage model
  4. the type found in most of the long bones
  1. Bones which are formed inside tendons are known as
  1. wormian bones
  2. sesamoid bones
  3. long bones
  4. short bones
  5. flat bones
  1. Bones which are formed between the sutures of the skull are known as
  1. wormian bones
  2. sesamoid bones
  3. long bones
  4. short bones
  5. flat bones
  1. The vertebrae are examples of
  1. long bones
  2. short bones
  3. irregular bones
  4. wormian bones
  5. sesamoid bones
  1. Which of the following is a function of the skeletal system
  1. support
  2. protection
  3. blood cell generation (erythropoesis)
  4. calcium metabolism
  5. all of the above
  1. The _____ division of the skeleton contains the largest number of bones
  1. axial
  2. skull
  3. vertebral column
  4. rib cage
  5. appendicular
  1. The frontal bone is separated from the parietals by the _____ suture.
  1. sagittal
  2. squamous
  3. coronal (frontal)
  4. lambdoidal
  5. wormian
  1. The occipital bone is separated from the parietals by the ______ suture
  1. sagittal
  2. squamous
  3. coronal (frontal)
  4. lambdoidal
  5. wormian
  1. The sphenoid articulates with
  1. the parietals
  2. the frontal
  3. temporals
  4. the occipital
  5. all of the above
  1. The zygomatic process is found upon the
  1. malar (sygomatic bone)
  2. temporal bone
  3. sphenoid bone
  4. ethmoid bone
  5. occipital bone
  1. The upper parts of the orbits of the eyes are made up of the
  1. maxilar
  2. frontal
  3. ethmoid
  4. lacrimal
  5. sphenoid
  1. The pterygoid processes are found on the
  1. temporal
  2. sphenoid
  3. ethmoid
  4. parietal
  5. occipital
  1. The palatine bones form
  1. the posterior part of the hard palate
  2. the lateral posterior walls of the cranial cavity
  3. the anterior portion of the nasal cavity
  4. a and b
  5. a and c
  1. Which of the following is not considered to be a bone of the cranium?
  1. frontal
  2. parietal
  3. temporal
  4. occipital
  5. hyoid
  1. The superior and middle nasal conhae are considered to be part of the
  1. sphenoid
  2. nasal bones
  3. ethmoid
  4. frontal
  5. pterygoid
  1. The first cervical vertebrae is known as
  1. axis
  2. atlas
  3. odontoid process
  4. sacrum
  5. none of the above
  1. There are ______ lumbar vertebrae
  1. 7
  2. 12
  3. 4
  4. 5
  5. 12.6
  1. Those ribs which have an indirect connection to the sternum are known as
  1. time ribs
  2. vertebrocondral (false)
  3. vertebral (floating) ribs
  4. unattached ribs
  5. c and d
  1. Which of the following are found on the humerus?
  1. greater tubercule
  2. deltoid tuberosity
  3. coranoid fossa
  4. trochlear
  5. all of the above
  1. The capitulum articulates with the
  1. ulna
  2. radius
  3. humerus
  4. femur
  5. none of the above
  1. The dorsal spine, acromion process, crocoid process are all part of the
  1. clavicle
  2. temporal
  3. scapula
  4. femur
  5. tibia
  1. The larer bone of the foreleg is the
  1. femur
  2. tibia
  3. fibula
  4. calcaneous
  5. talus
  1. The largest component of the os coxae is the
  1. ischium
  2. ilium
  3. pubis
  4. acetabulum
  5. obturator foramen

 

BIOLOGY 2401 - EXAMINATION 2C

Select the best answer:

  1. The type of intercellular junction in which the adjacent cell membranes are fused is the
  1. desmosome
  2. tight junction
  3. gap junction
  4. intercalated disk
  5. loose junction
  1. You would find simple squamous epithelium
  1. lining the bladder
  2. making up glands
  3. lining the trachea
  4. lining the blood vessels
  5. forming joint capsules
  1. Tubules found in the kidney and liver would be composed of
  1. simple squamous epithelium
  2. simple cuboidal epithelium
  3. stratified columnar epithelium
  4. pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium
  5. areolar connective tissue
  1. The epithelium which lines the bladder is
  1. transitional
  2. simple columnar
  3. simple squamous
  4. stratified squamous
  5. stratified cuboidal
  1. A simple columnar epithelium would most likely be found in the
  1. bladder
  2. oviduct
  3. intestine
  4. lung
  5. trachea
  1. The most widely distributed connective tissue in the body is
  1. loose (areolar)
  2. dense
  3. adipose
  4. cartilage
  5. elastic
  1. Chondroblasts are to chartilage as _____ are to bone
  1. chondrocytes
  2. osteocytes
  3. osteoblasts
  4. osteoclasts
  5. lacuane
  1. Lymph nodes are composed mainly of ______ tissue
  1. areolar (loose)
  2. reticular
  3. adipose
  4. epithelial
  5. hyaline cartilage
  1. You would find elastic cartilage
  1. connecting the ribs to the sternum
  2. forming part of the nose
  3. on the articular surface of bones
  4. in the outer ear (auricle)
  5. between the vertebrae
  1. The most abundant cartilage in the body is
  1. hyaline
  2. elastic
  3. fibro
  4. epithelial
  5. dense
  1. You would most likely find elastic connective tissue
  1. covering the ends of bones
  2. lining the bladder
  3. in the walls of large arteries
  4. in the walls of the stomach
  5. connecting the ribs to the sternum
  1. Ligaments are composed of
  1. adipose tissue
  2. elastic connective tissue
  3. areolar connective tissue
  4. dense fibrous connective tissue
  5. reticular connective tissue
  1. Which of the following is a mucous membrane?
  1. pleural membrane
  2. peritoneal membrane
  3. synovial membrane
  4. pericardial membrane
  5. nasal cavity membrane
  1. Glands which secrete by exocytosis are termed
  1. apocrine
  2. merocrine
  3. holocrine
  4. mucous
  5. serous
  1. Which of the following tissues would have the largest number of cells per cubic millimeter of tissue?
  1. areolar connective
  2. dense connective
  3. adipose
  4. stratified squamous epithelium
  5. fibrocartilage
  1. A tissue which had a large number of closely packed collagenous fibers would probably be
  1. highly elastic
  2. rigid
  3. solid, but not rigid
  4. very strong
  5. very delicate
  1. Which of the following cell types would be considered to be the least specialized
  1. osteocyte
  2. chondrocyte
  3. macrophage
  4. mesenchyme
  5. adipose cell
  1. The ground substance of connective tissues is produced by
  1. collagenous fibers
  2. connective tissue cells
  3. elastic fibers
  4. reticular fibers
  5. epithelial cells
  1. With respect to the little toe, the big toe is
  1. lateral
  2. inferior
  3. medial
  4. superior
  5. deep
  1. With respect to your ears, your larynx (voice box) is located
  1. superior and lateral
  2. inferior and lateral
  3. superior and medial
  4. posterior and medial
  5. inferior and medial
  1. With respect to the wrist, the fingers are
  1. proximal
  2. distal
  3. superior
  4. medial
  5. anterior
  1. In some countries of the world, beheading with an ax or sword is the method of execution. Technically, the executioner is making a _____ section of the victim’s neck
  1. coronal
  2. sagittal
  3. transverse
  4. oblique
  5. tangential
  1. As a nurse you have received written instructions to lance a boil located in the patients left axillary region. Where would you look for this boil?
  1. on the left calf
  2. in the left side of the mouth
  3. on the left buttock
  4. on the left side of the groin region
  5. in the left arm pit
  1. A pain in the epigastric region would be located
  1. below the umbilicus
  2. in the lower back
  3. to the left or right of the umbilicus
  4. to the left or right of the hypogastric
  5. above the umbilicus
  1. A plantar wound would be found
  1. in the palm of the hand
  2. on the back of the hand
  3. on the sole of the foot
  4. in the abdominal region
  5. on the back of the neck
  1. The most inferior region of the ventral (anterior) cavity would be the
  1. cranial cavity
  2. vertebral cavity
  3. pleural cavity
  4. thoracic cavity
  5. peritoneal cavity
  1. the organ system which functions in integration is the
  1. cardiovascular system
  2. excretory system
  3. endocrine system
  4. skeletal system
  5. respiratory system
  1. A section of skin is found which is 3 mm thick. This skin most likely was taken from the
  1. back
  2. neck
  3. face
  4. chest
  5. foot
  1. The layer of the epidermis where active mitosis is occurring is the stratum
  1. basale
  2. spinosum
  3. granulosum
  4. lucidum
  5. corneum
  1. the second layer, from the outside, of the epidermis is the stratum
  1. basale
  2. spinsoum
  3. granulosum
  4. lucidum
  5. corneum
  1. A healthy individual has skin which has a distinct yellowish cast. This is probably due to
  1. a deficiency of melanin
  2. an over abundance of melanin
  3. poor circulation
  4. large quantities of carotene
  5. a very thick stratum corneum
  1. Exposing skin to UV light promotes tanning by
  1. increasing the blood circulation to the skin
  2. increasing melanin production
  3. decreasing elastic fibers
  4. increasing collagenous fibers
  5. decreasing carotene production
  1. The dermal layer which nourishes the epidermis is the
  1. hypodermis
  2. reticular layer
  3. papillary layer
  4. stratum basale
  5. deep fascia
  1. Apocrine sweat glands are usually found
  1. around the face
  2. in the arm pit
  3. all over the body except for the external genitalia
  4. on the arms and legs only
  5. on the back
  1. The product that the sebacious glands produce is
  1. perspiration
  2. chemical sex attractants
  3. largely water
  4. sebum
  5. hair
  1. The hardest part of a hair shaft is the
  1. internal root sheath
  2. external root sheath
  3. cortex
  4. medulla
  5. cuticle
  1. Pressure is applied to the nail of a patient. Following the release of the pressure, it is observed that it requires much longer than normal for the color to return to the nail. This would be indicative of
  1. an expanding lunula
  2. a degenerative nail bed
  3. poor circulation
  4. a defective eponychium
  5. a normal response
  1. Vitamin D synthesis is a function of skin. This occurs when
  1. sunlight interacts with cholesterol and its derivatives
  2. sebaceous glands increase production of their secretion
  3. sunlight interacts with melanin
  4. carotene reacts with melanin
  5. carotene interacts with cholesterol
  1. The skeletal system plays a major role in the regulation of serum ____ levels
  1. potassium
  2. calcium
  3. sodium
  4. magnesium
  5. zinc
  1. One of the hamstring tendons is found to have a small bone inside. This bone would be classified as a (an)
  1. irregular bone
  2. long bone
  3. short bone
  4. flat bone
  5. sesamoid bone
  1. The growth region of a long bone is termed the
  1. epiphysis
  2. epiphyseal plate
  3. diaphysis
  4. compact bone region
  5. cancellous bone region
  1. Yellow bone marrow
  1. produces red blood cells
  2. produces white blood cells
  3. consists of reticular tissue
  4. is composed of fat
  5. occurs only in flat bones
  1. The marrow cavity of a long bone is lined by the
  1. periosteum
  2. articular cartilage
  3. endosteum
  4. epiphyseal plate
  5. red marrow
  1. A hole is a bone best describes a (an)
  1. meatus
  2. condyle
  3. spine
  4. foramen
  5. fossa
  1. In the osteon, blood vessels are found in the
  1. canaliculi
  2. lacunae
  3. central (Haversian) canal
  4. lamellae
  5. periosteum
  1. Which of the following bones are formed by the intramembranous method?
  1. ribs
  2. cranial bones
  3. femurs
  4. hand bones
  5. pelvic bones
  1. In endochondral bone formation, bone is first formed
  1. between periosteal membranes
  2. in fibrocartilage
  3. in elastic cartilage
  4. in hyaline cartilage
  5. in dense fibrous connective tissue
  1. A fontanel represents
  1. joints between the cranial bones
  2. areas of the cranial bones that ossify by endochondral formation
  3. areas where intramembranous bone formation is not yet complete
  4. hard areas in cartilage bone
  5. demineralized bone
  1. When calcium levels in the plasma begin to drop, calcium is released from the skeleton by break down of bone. The cells which mediate this process are the
  1. osteocytes
  2. osteoblasts
  3. osteoclasts
  4. chondrocytes
  5. chondroblasts
  1. The human skeleton resembles a suspension bridge in that
  1. ligaments are similar to cables
  2. tendons are similar to cables
  3. the appendicular division is suspended from the axial division
  4. the axial division is suspended from the appendicular division
  5. cartilaginous joints provide extra support
  1. Which of the following is part of the appendicular division of the skeleton?
  1. face
  2. cranium
  3. sternum
  4. rib cage
  5. femur
  1. You have found a human vertebra which has the superior and inferior articulating surfaces oriented inward and outward. This vertebra is from the ______ region
  1. cervical
  2. thoracic
  3. lumbar
  4. sacral
  5. coccygeal
  1. Ordinarily, you expect a normal vertebral column to have ______ thoracic vertebrae
  1. 7
  2. 12
  3. 5
  4. 13
  5. 10
  1. Quasimodo, the "hunchback" of Notre Dame, probably suffered from
  1. kyphosis
  2. lordosis
  3. scoliosis
  4. osteoporosis
  5. the heartbreak of psoriasis
  1. The posterior bone of the pectoral girdle is the
  1. scapula
  2. clavicle
  3. os coxa
  4. manubrium
  5. gladiolus
  1. The scapula attaches to the axial division by means of
  1. ligaments
  2. tendons
  3. immovable joints
  4. slightly movable joints
  5. the scapula does not attach to the axial skeleton
  1. The pattern of bone placement in both the upper and lower appendages
  1. 2-1 – many
  2. 1- many –2
  3. 1- 2 – many
  4. 3-2 –many
  5. 2-3-many
  1. The large numbers of small bones found in the hands is advantageous in that it
  1. provides great strength
  2. forms arches
  3. results in numerous cartilaginous joints
  4. permits substantial movement
  5. allows for large numbers of ligaments
  1. The arches of the foot
  1. distribute body weight over the entire foot
  2. serve no important purpose
  3. force the bulk of the weight of the body on to the heel
  4. force the bulk of the weight of the body on to the toes
  5. permit walking
  1. The callous which develops following a break in the bone will transform into ____ in about two weeks
  1. dense connective tissue
  2. hyaline cartilage
  3. fibrocartilage
  4. bone
  5. a periosteum
  1. The study of joints is known as
  1. scientology
  2. arthrology
  3. synoviology
  4. jointology
  5. gerontology
  1. An example of a slightly movable joint would be a
  1. suture
  2. synchodrosis
  3. synovial joint
  4. syndesmosis
  5. gomphoses
  1. A synarthosis is a (an)
  1. slightly movable joint
  2. movable joint
  3. immovable joint
  4. joint joined by cartilage
  5. joint filled with synovial fluid
  1. The distral joint between the fibula and the tibia is an example of a _____ joint
  1. suture
  2. biaxial
  3. pivot
  4. hinge
  5. syndesmosis
  1. Which of the following is an example of a symphysis joint?
  1. the rib-sternum joint
  2. the epiphyseal plate
  3. a suture joint
  4. the joint between the two hip bones (os coxae)
  5. the joint between the tibia and the fibula
  1. The dense fibrous sheet that surrounds the synovial joint is known as the
  1. synovial membrane
  2. articular capsule
  3. articular cartilage
  4. periosteum
  5. synovial bursa
  1. Synovial membrane
  1. surrounds the outside of a synovial joint
  2. often lines the marrow cavity of long bones
  3. secretes synovial fluid into the joint
  4. is characteristic of both synovial joints and cartilaginous joints
  5. lines most symphysis joints
  1. Synovial bursae are usually found
  1. inside of a synovial joint
  2. between cartilaginous joints
  3. around large tendons
  4. between structures which rub against each other
  5. between the synovial membrane of a joint and the articular cartilage
  1. A joint that permits movement in two planes only would be a (an)
  1. uniaxial joint
  2. multiaxial joint
  3. biaxial joint
  4. non-axial joint
  5. hinge joint
  1. An example of a hinge joint would be the
  1. hip
  2. shoulder
  3. elbow
  4. carpal-metacarpal
  5. carpal-phalangeal
  1. Elipsoid joints are found between
  1. tibia and fibula
  2. tibia and femur
  3. ulna and radius
  4. phalange and metacarpals
  5. tarsal bones
  1. Movement of the arm away from the midline of the body would be
  1. adduction
  2. circumduction
  3. abduction
  4. pronation
  5. supination
  1. A hinge joint is only capable of a ______ movement
  1. circumduction
  2. pronation-supination
  3. pivot
  4. flexion-extension
  5. abduction-adduction
  1. The joint which is unique due to the presence of two joint capsules is the
  1. knee
  2. sacro-iliac
  3. tempro-mandibular
  4. shoulder
  5. tibial-tarsal
  1. Arthritis is
  1. inflammation of the synovial bursae
  2. strained or torn ligaments
  3. torn tendons
  4. inflamed synovial joints
  5. damaged periosteum
  1. In repair of the integument, the thick area of scar tissue which is covered by a shiny smooth epidermal surface is known as a (an)
  1. granuloma
  2. cyst
  3. scab
  4. incision
  5. keloid
  1. The basement membrane (lamina propria) of a mucous membrane consists of
  1. squamous epithelium
  2. columnar epithelium
  3. cuboidal epithelium
  4. connective tissue
  5. muscle tissue
  1. All of the following are multicellular exocrine glands except for
  1. goblet cells
  2. simple tubular
  3. acinar
  4. compound tubular
  5. simple branched tubular
  1. A burn in which only the epidermis is damaged would be classified as
  1. first degree
  2. second degree
  3. third degree
  4. fourth degree
  5. fifth degree
  1. The condition in which bone mass becomes so reduced as to compromise the function of the bone is known as
  1. paget’s disease
  2. osteomalacia
  3. rickets
  4. osteoporosis
  5. marfan’s syndrome