Welcome to The Writing Center resource hub! The following handouts provide general guidelines to support various aspects of the writing process.

If there is a specific topic you would like us to cover, please reach out to Veronica Luna, Academic Program Specialist ( 

*Students, while we hope you find these handouts helpful, your instructor's guidelines and preferences should always be carefully followed and prioritized.

Writing Process & Essay Planning


Clarity & Style


Grammar & Punctuation


Reading Strategies


Reading Improvement


MLA 9th Edition - Formatting

****The following guidelines are based on the MLA Handbook Ninth Edition. Students are advised to adhere to their instructor's specific requirements. 

The figure shows the top portion of the first page of a research paper. The top-right area of the page has the page number, which is half an inch below the margin. The start of the address is spaced one inch from the left margin and one inch from the top. The lines of the address have a double space between them. The subject and the last line of address have a double space between them. The start of the body is indented by half an inch. The end of the first line has a one-inch space to the right margin.

Fig. 1: The top of the first page of an MLA formatted page.

  • Page Margins
    • Margins are one inch at the top and bottom and on both sides of the text. 
  • Running Head and Page Numbers
    • Pages are numbered consecutively in the upper right-hand corner, half an inch from the top and flush with the right margin. Type your surname (last name), followed by a space, before the page number. 
  • Title
    • One inch from the top of the first page and flush with the left margin
    • Include your name, instructor’s name, course name and number, and date on separate double-spaced lines.
    • Center the title of your essay using title capitalization. 
  • Text Formatting
    • Double-space the entire essay, including the Works Cited page.
    • Indent the first line of a paragraph half an inch from the left margin.
    • Indent block quotations half an inch as well.
    • Leave one space after a period or other concluding punctuation mark.
    • Use a readable typeface, e.g. Times New Roman, and font size between 11 and 13 points throughout your essay.
  • Works Cited Page (last page)
    • Center the heading, Works Cited, an inch from the top of the page.
    • List entries in alphabetical order. 
    • Begin each citation flush with the left margin. Subsequent lines should begin half an inch from the left margin (hanging indent).
    • Double-space the entire Works Cited page including the heading and each entry.

The title of the page “Works Cited” is present at the top, spaced one inch below the margin and centered on the page. The page number is spaced half-inch from the top. The works-cited-list entries are spaced one inch from the margin on the left. A double space is present between the header and first entry, and also within and between the entries. The second line of the first entry is spaced an additional half-inch away from the start of the first line. This is the hanging indent.

Fig. 2: The top of the first page of a works-cited list.


MLA 9th Edition - Works Cited List

The entries listed alphabetically on your Works Cited page include important information such as the author, title, and publication date. These details are called core elements and are organized and punctuated using the template in Figure 3. 

The MLA template of core elements.